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Added by Adair881 on 5 Apr 2012 10:24
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Movies 1893

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Thomas Edison builds "America's First Movie Studio", the Black Maria
Blacksmith Scene is made and presented by Thomas Edison
First major public movie show, World's Columbian Exposition

Films released in 1893

-Blacksmith Scene
-Horse Shoeing


February 10 Jimmy Durante, American actor and singer (d. 1980)
April 12 - Robert Harron, American actor (d. 1920)
April 20 - Harold Lloyd, actor (d. 1971)
May 26 - Norma Talmadge, American actress (d.1957)
August 17 - Mae West, American actress (d. 1980)
September 16 - Alexander Korda, Hungarian film director, the founder of London Films. (d. 1956)
September 26 – Gladys Brockwell, American actress (d. 1929)
October 14 - Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
December 7 - Fay Bainter, Academy Award–winning American actress (d. 1968)
December 12 - Edward G. Robinson, Romanian-born, American-actor (d. 1973)
December 24 - Ruth Chatterton, American actress (d. 1961)
Blacksmith Scene (also known as Blacksmith Scene #1 and Blacksmithing Scene) is an 1893 American short black-and-white silent film directed by William K.L. Dickson, the Scottish-French inventor credited with the invention of the motion picture camera under the employ of Thomas Edison.
It is historically significant as the first Kinetoscope film shown in public exhibition on May 9, 1893 and is the earliest known example of actors performing a role in a film. In 1995, Blacksmith Scene was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". It is the second-oldest film included within the Registry.


The scene is all filmed from a stationary camera. On screen is a large anvil with a blacksmith behind it and one to either side (portrayed by Edison employees). The smith in the middle uses a heated metal rod he has removed from a fire and places it on the anvil. All three begin a rhythmic hammering. After several blows the metal rod is returned to the fire. One smith pulls out a bottle of beer, and they each take a drink. Following this drink they then resume their work.[1]


The film was produced by the Edison Manufacturing Company, which had begun making films in 1890 under the direction of one of the earliest pioneers to film William K.L. Dickson. It was filmed entirely within the Black Maria studio at West Orange, New Jersey, in the USA, which is widely referred to as "America's First Movie Studio". It is believed to have been filmed in April 1893 and was shown publicly (in a Kinetoscope viewer) at the Brooklyn Institute on May 9, 1893.[2]
According to the Internet Movie Database the film was made in a 35 mm format with an aspect ratio of 1.33:1. The movie was intended to be displayed through means of a Kinetoscope.[3]


Charles Kayser as Blacksmith
John Ott as Blacksmith

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category — Recipient(s)
1995 National Film Registry National Film Registry

Current status

A surviving 35-mm print of this film was found at the Henry Ford Museum; it is the source of the negative preserved by the Museum of Modern Art film archive.[2] Another copy is at the Edison National Historic Site, administered by the National Park Service. Because the film was finished before 1923, its copyright has expired; it is freely available on the World Wide Web.
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Horse Shoeing (1893)
One of the pictures to be seen in the machine, for example, was that of a blacksmith shop in which two men were working, one shoeing a horse, the other heating iron at the forge. One would be seen to drive the nail into the shoe of the horse's hoof, to change his position and every movement needed in the work was clearly shown as if the object was in real (life). In fact, the whole routine of the two men's labour and their movements for the day was presented to the view of the observer.

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: William K.L. Dickson
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