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Added by Adair881 on 5 Apr 2012 10:41
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Movies 1894

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Events

January 7 - William Kennedy Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
January 7 - Thomas Edison films his assistant, Fred Ott sneezing with the Kinetoscope at the "Black Maria."
April 14 - The first commercial presentation of the Kinetoscope took place in the Holland Brothers' Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway, New York City.
June 6 - Charles Francis Jenkins projects a filmed motion picture before an audience in Richmond, Indiana. Earliest documented projection of a motion picture.
Thomas Edison experiments with synchronizing audio with film; the Kinetophone is invented which loosely synchronizes a Kinetoscope image with a cylinder phonograph.
Kinetoscope viewing parlors begin to open in major cities. Each parlor contains several machines.
Birt Acres creates a 70 mm format, which he first uses to shoot the Henley Royal Regatta.


Films released in 1894

A Bar Room Scene
Amateur Gymnast
Annie Oakley
Annabelle Butterfly Dance
Armand D'Ary
Athlete with Wand
Band Drill
Boxing Cats (Prof. Welton's)
Bucking Broncho
Buffalo Dance
Caicedo with Pole
Carmencita
Chinese Opium Den
Cockfight, no. 2
Corbett and Courtney Before the Kinetograph
Dickson Experimental Sound Film
Fire Rescue Scene
Fred Ott's Sneeze (Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze)
Fred Ott Holding a Bird
Franch Dancers
Glenroy Bros., (no. 2)
Hadj Cheriff
The Henley Royal Regatta of 1894
Imperial Japanese Dance
Leonard-Cushing Fight
Louis Martinetti aka Luis Martinetti, Contortionist
Men on Parallel Bars
Miss Jerry
Franch Dancers
Oriental Dance
Rat Killing
Robetta and Doretto, (no. 2) aka Chinese Laundry Scene
Sandow
Sioux Ghost Dance
The Barbershop
The Hornbacker-Murphy Fight
The Wrestling Dog
Wrestling Match
Whirlwind Gun Spinning

Births

January 3 - Zazu Pitts, actress (d. 1963)
June 16 - Norman Kerry, actor (d. 1956)
September 15 - Jean Renoir, director (d.1979)
September 27 - Olive Tell, actress (d. 1951)
October 7 - Del Lord, pioneer Hollywood director (d. 1970)
October 20 - Olive Thomas, actress (d. 1920)
November 9 - Mae Marsh, actress (d. 1968)
December 31 - Pola Negri, actress (d. 1987)

Debut

Annabelle Whitford
People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 6.2
Trained Bears (1894)
Director: William K.L. Dickson
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The sound has been found in the form of an old Edisonian recording cylinder. The cylinder was repaired, then Walter Murch ACE MPSE synced the film to the correct music in (I believe) 2002. Total running time is approximately 17 seconds.

Stars: William K.L. Dickson
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People who added this item 7 Average listal rating (1 ratings) 10 IMDB Rating 5.5
Miss Jerry (1894)
Miss Jerry is an 1894 American feature-length black-and-white silent pre-film "Picture Play" written and produced by Alexander Black and starring Blanche Bayliss. "Miss Jerry" was not a film, but a series of posed magic lantern slides projected onto a screen with a dissolving stereopticon, accompanied by narration and music, making it the first example of a feature-length dramatic fiction on screen.
Miss Jerry debuted on October 9, 1894 at the Carbon Studio in New York City. It has been described as "the first picture play" [1] and while other early film and peep-show animations produced at this time were short documentaries, Miss Jerry sought to develop what is arguably the first feature of moving pictures. This photoplay attempts to create an impression of movement with the slides changing once every 15 seconds.

The Picture Play

"In "Miss Jerry" my purpose has been to test experimentally, in a quiet story, certain possibilities of illusion, with this aim always before me, that the illusion should not, because it need not and could not safely, be that of photographs from an acted play, nor of artistic illustration, but the illusion of reality'." [2]
Aware of the progress made by Muybridge and other photographers towards the illusion of motion, Black instead set out to present a convincing narrative story in front of an audience, using photography to present fiction in a convincing way, rather than a perfect illusion of motion.
In his 1926 history of the movies, "A Million and One Nights" the author Terry Ramsaye says, "While the motion picture was progressing with mincing steps in the peep show Edison Kinetoscope the sheer force of the evolution of expression presented the world with an interesting paradox – the birth of the photoplay upon the screen. . . Black arrived at a rate of four slides a minute for his presentation. The plan was to make the pictures successively blend into one another in the dissolving stereopticon, avoiding an optical ‘jar’ as much as possible. Each picture represented a step forward in the action. The pictures were carefully registered always to present every still object in the view in precisely the same position, while only the moving actors were shown in altered attitudes. There could, of course, be no hope of depicting rapid motion. Black chose, in such instances, to picture the moments before and after the swift action involved. For example, the villain might stand menacing the hero with an upraised dagger, while the next slide would show the victim of the stab in a heap on the floor. The spoken obligation from the stage had to carry across the imagined stroke of the stabbing."
Unfortunately, no intact set of slides for Miss Jerry is known to exist.

Plot

After finding out that her father is suffering financial problems, Jerry Holbrook decides to start a career in journalism in the heart of New York. While working she falls in love with the editor of her paper, Mr. Hamilton. After being offered a job in London the couple initially have problems but Jerry accepts a proposal of marriage and they leave for London together.

Cast

Blanche Bayliss (under the name "Constance Arthur") as Miss Geraldine Holbrook (Miss Jerry)
William Courtenay as Walter Hamilton
Chauncey Depew as Himself (Director of the New York Central Railroad)
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People who added this item 19 Average listal rating (13 ratings) 6.4 IMDB Rating 6.3
Annie Oakley (1894)
The 'Little Sure Shot' of the 'Wild West.' Exhibition of Rifle Shooting at Glass Balls, etc. (from the Edison Catalog)

Stars: Annie Oakley
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People who added this item 3 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 5.8
Chinese Opium Den (also known as Opium Joint) is an 1894 American short black-and-white silent film. It is an early motion picture produced by Thomas Edison.
Very little is known about this film as no print is believed to exist and all that remains is a single still image. It is believed to be the first motion picture to explore the issue of drug use. Ten years later Edison produced Rube in an Opium Joint, which is seen as the earliest such film that still survives.[1]
According to the Internet Movie Database the film was made in a 35mm film format with an aspect ratio of 1.33:1. The movie was intended to be displayed through means of a Kinetoscope.[2]
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 5.7
Boxing Match (1894)
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People who added this item 11 Average listal rating (9 ratings) 5.2 IMDB Rating 6.2
"King of the slack wire. His daring feats of balancing as he performs his thrilling feats in midair show that he is perfectly at home." (from Edison Films)

Stars: Juan A. Caicedo
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People who added this item 20 Average listal rating (13 ratings) 5.5 IMDB Rating 5.9
Annabelle (Whitford) Moore performs one of her popular dances. For this performance, her costume has a pair of wings attached to her back, to suggest a butterfly. As she dances, she uses her long, flowing skirts to create visual patterns.

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Annabelle Moore
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A man (Thomas Edison's assistant) takes a pinch of snuff and sneezes. This is one of the earliest Thomas Edison films and was the first motion picture to be copyrighted in the United States.

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Fred Ott
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 5.1
An athlete does a backwards somersault.

Director: William K.L. Dickson
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 5.5
"Showing the wind-up of a political discussion. Dramatis personae: A Democrat, a Republican, a Bar Maid, and a Policeman."

Director: William K.L. Dickson
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People who added this item 15 Average listal rating (12 ratings) 5.3 IMDB Rating 5.9
"A glove contest between trained cats. A very comical and amusing subject, and is sure to create a great laugh." (by Edison Films)

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise
Stars: Henry Welton
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 6
Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: John R. Abell
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Luis Martinetti, a contortionist suspended from acrobatic flying rings, contorts himself for about thirty seconds. This is one of the first films made for Edison's kinetoscopes.

Stars: Luis Martinetti
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 6.2
Dance (1894)
A lively, eccentric dance by Frank Lawton, Etta Williamson and Rosa France of Charles Hoyt's "Milk White Flag". Atttractive costumes.

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Rosa France, Frank Lawton and Etta Williamson
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People who added this item 39 Average listal rating (23 ratings) 5 IMDB Rating 5.8
Carmencita (1894)
Carmencita, is an 1894 American short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by William K.L. Dickson, the Scottish inventor credited with the invention of the motion picture camera under the employ of Thomas Edison. The film is titled after the dancer who features in it.
This video is one of a series of Edison short films featuring circus and vaudeville acts. It features a dancer going through a routine she had been performing at Koster & Bial's in New York since February 1890. According to film historian C. Musser, Carmencita was the first woman to appear in front of an Edison motion picture camera and may have been the first woman to appear in a motion picture within the United States

Production



Title card for Carmencita
The film was produced by the Edison Manufacturing Company[1] which had begun making films in 1890 under the direction of one of the earliest pioneers to film, William K.L. Dickson. It was filmed entirely within the Black Maria studio at West Orange, New Jersey, in the USA, which is widely referred to as "America's First Movie Studio." Filming on this work took place between March 10, 1894 and March 16, 1894.
According to the Internet Movie Database the film is 15.24 m in length. It was made in a 35 mm format with an aspect ratio of 1.33 : 1. The movie was intended to be displayed through means of a Kinetoscope.[2]

Cast

Carmencita as Herself (Sole performer)

Current status

Given the age of the film, its copyright has now expired and it is freely available on the internet to download. A copy is kept by the Library of Congress and can be viewed on their American Memory website.[1] An alternative version can be found on Google Video, although this contains additional footage shot at around the same time.[3]
The film has also come to public attention as the first title listed on the Internet Movie Database. The website runs a system of providing each title in the database with a unique 7 digit code. This title has the code tt0000001, however, it is notably not the oldest movie listed on the site.[4]
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People who added this item 4 Average listal rating (2 ratings) 4.5 IMDB Rating 5.2
A referee and five fans (including a waiter in his apron) look on as two young men box. The dark-haired... See full summary »

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Eugene Hornbacker and Murphy
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 5.9
Director: Émile Reynaud
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People who added this item 9 Average listal rating (6 ratings) 5.2 IMDB Rating 5.7
"Firemen in working uniform, rubber coats, helmets, and boots. Thrilling rescue from burning building. Smoke effects are fine." - from the Edison Catalog

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise
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People who added this item 1 Average listal rating (1 ratings) 4 IMDB Rating 5.3
Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Annabelle Moore
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People who added this item 3 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 6.9
Frederick P. Ott (1860; New Jersey – October 24, 1936; West Orange, New Jersey) was an employee of Thomas Edison's laboratory in the 1890s. His likeness appears in two of the earliest surviving motion pictures – Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze (a.k.a. Fred Ott's Sneeze) and Fred Ott Holding a Bird – both from 1894.
In the former film, Ott takes a pinch of snuff, which causes him to sneeze.

Filmography

Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze (1894)
Fred Ott Holding a Bird (1894)
The Kiss (1900)
Fred Ott is the only actor listed on IMDb who does not have a Bacon number
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 6.7
"Wrestles with his trainer."

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Henry Welton
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People who added this item 0 Average listal rating (0 ratings) 0 IMDB Rating 4.8
"The marvelous lady contortionist and acrobat."

Director: William K.L. Dickson
Stars: Ena Bertoldi
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People who added this item 13 Average listal rating (10 ratings) 5.7 IMDB Rating 5.3
"Interior of Barber Shop. Man comes in, takes off his coat; sits down, smokes; is handed a paper by attendant, who points out a joke; both laugh. Meantime the man in the chair is shaved and has his hair cut. Very funny."

Customer gets a lightning-fast shave.

Directors: William K.L. Dickson, William Heise
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People who added this item 25 Average listal rating (17 ratings) 5.4 IMDB Rating 5.4
Buffalo Dance (1894)
Buffalo Dance is an 1894 American 16-second black-and-white silent film shot in Thomas Edison's Black Maria studio. The film was made at the same time as Edison's Sioux Ghost Dance. It is one of the earliest films made featuring Native Americans. In this film, produced by William K. L. Dickson with William Heise as cinematographer, three Sioux warriors named Hair Coat, Parts His Hair and Last Horse dance in a circle and two other Native Americans sit behind them and accompany them with drums. According to the Edison catalog, the actors were "genuine Sioux Indians, in full war paint and war costumes." They were also apparently veterans of Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show.

Production

According to the Internet Movie Database the film was made in 35 mm with an aspect ratio of 1.33 : 1. The movie was intended to be displayed with a Kinetoscope.
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