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Added by Venice on 15 Mar 2015 09:16
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British Actress and Actors honored with Knighthood

Cedric Hardwicke 1934
Ralph Richardson 1947
Laurence Olivier 1947
John Gielgud 1953
Michael Redgrave 1959
Alec Guinness 1959
Robert Helpmann 1968
Bernard Miles 1969
Noel Coward 1970
Charles Chaplin 1975
John Mills 1976
Stanley Baker 1976
Richard Attenborough 1976
Michael Hordern 1983
Anthony Quayle 1985
Rex Harrison 1989
Peter Ustinov 1990
Ian McKellen 1990
Dirk Bogarde 1992
Anthony Hopkins 1993
Derek Jacobi 1994
Ian Holm 1998
Michael Gambon 1998
Nigel Hawthorne 1999
Sean Connery 1999
Michael Caine 2000
Ben Kingsley 2001
Tom Courtenay 2001
Roger Moore 2003
Alan Bates 2003
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A knighthood (or a damehood, its female equivalent) is one of the highest honours an individual in the United Kingdom can achieve.

While in past centuries knighthoods used to be awarded solely for military merit, today they also recognise significant contributions to national life.

Recipients range from actors to scientists, and from school head teachers to industrialists.

A knighthood cannot be bought and it carries no military obligations to the Sovereign.

The Queen (or a member of the Royal Family acting on her behalf) confers knighthoods in Britain, either at a public investiture or privately. The ceremony involves the ceremonial dubbing of the knight by The Queen, and the presentation of insignia.

By tradition, clergy receiving a knighthood are not dubbed, as the use of a sword is thought inappropriate for their calling. They are not able to use the title 'Sir'.

Foreign citizens occasionally receive honorary knighthoods or damehoods through UK orders; they are not dubbed, and they do not use the style 'Sir' or 'Dame'. Such knighthoods are conferred by The Queen, on the advice of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, on those who have made an important contribution to relations between their country and Britain. Foreign citizens given honorary knighthoods or damehoods over the years include Chancellor Kohl, President Mitterrand, Mayor Giuliani of New York and the actor Angelina Jolie.

Commonwealth knighthoods
UK citizens are very occasionally awarded knighthoods or damehoods by Commonwealth Realms through their own honours systems, including to orders of which The Queen is not Sovereign. Such awards are made by the Realm's Governor-General on the advice of the Realm's Prime Minister.

Customarily, the Governor-General will seek The Queen's permission for a British citizen to receive such an honour with either restricted or unrestricted permission for them to wear its insignia in the UK. British citizens are usually granted unrestricted permission to wear the insignia of such awards and they may also be entitled to use any relevant post-nominal letters.

However, they would not be permitted to use the titles 'Sir' or 'Dame' as, in line with established protocol, the UK Government considers such awards to be honorary.



www.royal.gov.uk/MonarchUK/Honours/Knighthoods.aspx

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