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Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot

Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot

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Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France. It is located along the banks of Lot River.

In 2011, the population of the commune was 6,182 habitants.

Human inhabitation has been present around the area since the early Iron Age. The commune of Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot itself was founded in 1289 as Sainte-Livrade d'Olt, Olt being the Occitan and former name of the Lot River. The current name was adopted in December 1919.

Despite its small size, Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot is a multicultural town that has been host to numerous immigrant communities since the 20th century. The first prominent immigrant community to the town were Italians who escaped the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini during the 1920s and 1930s. They were soon followed by Spanish immigrants, also escaping fascism in their homeland under Francisco Franco.

Following the First Indochina War in 1954, in which Vietnam won its independence from France, Vietnamese troops who fought alongside the French were brought to metropolitan France as a recognition for their loyalty to the country and for fear that they would be persecuted by the new independent government. The troops, along with their families, were housed at camps designated as Centre d'accueil des Fran├žais d'Indochine, of which Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot hosted the largest of three.

Later immigrant communities to the town included Pied-Noirs from the newly independent former French colony of Algeria following the Algerian War in 1962. Immigrants from the Maghreb, especially Algeria, also began arriving in the 1970s and 1980s.

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