Authors in the Dictionary
8.8 01. Aristotle
Aristotelian adj. relating to the Greek philosopher Aristotle (342-322 BC) or his theories. n. a student or follower of Aristotle or his philosophy.
Aristotelian logic n. the traditional system of logic expounded by Aristotle and developed in the Middle Ages.
10 02. Augustus
Augustan adj. 1 connected with or occurring during the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus, especially as a notable period of Latin literature. 2 relating to or denoting a refined and classical style of 17th- and 18th-century English literature. n. a writer of the Augustan age.
8.3 03. Lord George Gordon Byron
Byronic adj. characteristic of Lord Byron (1788-1824) or his poetry. (of a man) alluringly dark, mysterious, and moody.
8.7 04. Julius Caesar
Caesarean (also Caesarian) adj. [...] 2 of or connected with Julius Caesar or the Caesars.
10 05. Giacomo Casanova
Casanova n. a man notorious for seducing women.
-ORIGIN from the name of the Italian adventurer Giovanni Jacopo Casanova (1725-98).
(Thanks to Prelude.)
8.4 06. Geoffrey Chaucer
Chaucerian adj. relating to Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1342-1400) or his writing. n. a student or admirer of Chaucer.
9.1 07. Anton Chekhov
Chekhovian adj. relating to or characteristic of the work of the Russian dramatist Anton Chekhov (1860-1904).
8.5 08. Noam Chomsky
Chomskyan (also Chomskian) adj. relating to the American theoretical linguist Noam Chomsky (b. 1928) n. a follower of Chomsky.
9.5 09. Cicero
Ciceronian adj. 1 characteristic of the work and thought of Cicero (106-43 BC), a awriter and orator of ancient Rome. 2 (of speech and writing) eloquent and rhythmic.
8.3 010. Charles Darwin
Darwinism n. the theory of the evolution of species by natural selection, advanced by the English natural historian Charles Darwin (1809-82).
-DERIVATIVES Darwinian n. & adj. Darwinist n. & adj.
8.3 011. Charles Dickens
Dickensian adj. reminiscnet of the novels of Charles Dickens, especially in terms of poverty and squalor that they portray.
8.8 012. Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
Goethean (also Goethian) adj. relating to the German poet and dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832).
8.7 013. Homer
Homeric adj. 1 of or in the style of the Greek poet Homer (8th century BC) or the epic poems ascribed to him. 2 of Bronze Age Greece described in these poems.
7.5 014. Horace
Horatian adj. 1 relating to the Roman poet Horace (65-8 BC) 2 (of an ode) of several stanzas each of the same metrical pattern.
8.1 015. Carl Jung
Jungian adj. relating to the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung (1875-1961) or his syste of analytical psychology. n. a follower of Jung or his system.
7.6 016. Immanuel Kant
Kantian adj. relating to German philopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) or his philosphy. n. an adverent of Kant's philosophy.
-DERIVATIVES Kantianism n.
8.8 017. Franz Kafka
Kafkaesque adj. relating to the Czech novelist Franz Kafka (1883-1924) or his nightmarish fictional world.
8.7 018. Niccolo Machiavelli
Machiavellian adj. cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics. n. (also Machiavelli) a Machiavellian person.
-DERIVATIVES Machiavellianism n.
(Thanks to spiegalr!)
8.4 019. John Milton
Miltonic (also Miltonian) adj. relating to the English poet John Milton (1608-74) n. an admirer or follower of Milton.
8.6 020. George Orwell
Orwellian adj. of or characteristic of the work of the British novelist George Orwell (1903-50), especially with reference to the totalitarian state as depicted in Nineteen Eighty-Four.
8.5 021. Plato
Platonic adj. of or associated with the Greek philosopher Plato or his ideas.
Platonism n. the philosophy of Plato or his followers, especially that relating to Plato's theory or 'ideas' or 'forms', in which abstract entities ('universals') are contrasted with their objects ('particulars') in the material world. the theory that numbers or other abstract objects are objective, timeless entities, independent of the physical world and of the symbols used to represent them.
-DERIVATIVES Platonist n. & adj.
7.8 022. Marquis de Sade
sadism n. the tendency to derive sexual gratification or general pleasure from inflicting pain, suffering, or humiliation on others.
-DERIVATIVES sadist n. sadistic adj. sadistically adv.
-ORIGIN C19: from Fr. sadisme, from the name of the 18th-cent. French writer the Marquis de Sade.
8.9 023. William Shakespeare
Shakespearean (also Shakespearian) adj. relating to or in the style of William Shakespeare or his works. n. an expert in or student of Shakespeare's works.
10 024. Thomas Aquinas
Thomism n. the theology and philosophy of St Thomas Aquinas (1225-74), the foremost figure of scholasticism, or his followers.
-DERIVATIVES Thomist n. & adj. Thomistic adj.
8.9 025. Virgil
Virgilian (also Vergilian) adj. relating to the Roman poet Virgil (70-19 BC) or his works.
8.6 026. Oscar Wilde
Wildean adj. relating to or characteristic of the Irish writer and wit Oscar Wilde (1854-1900).
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